Aero LIDAR survey

Lidar is an active optical measurement of the distance between the ground and the sensor using Laser rays to generate precise terrain and surface models, which also collects data on objects. The precision of the collected data is typically better than 10cm in Z and point densities measured on the ground (1 to 100 pts/sqm) define the detail of the produced models.

Airborne Lidar sensors operate in different wavelengths in the infrared bands (1064nm and 1550nm) for topographic surveys and in the green band (532nm) to map shallow water bathymetry. Furthermore, the transmission power and with this also the requirement for eye safety limiting the applications. Higher Lidar power allows penetration of rainforests but also requires higher flying altitudes and results in lower point densities.

Moreover, there are discrete Lidar sensors (analyzing the returning signal in the air and providing up to 4 returns per Lidar strike) and full waveform Lidar (FWF) systems operational. FWF Lidar sensors record the returning signal completely and allow higher precision of up to 2cm and the detection of more returns per strike, therefore, better use for forestry measurements for instance. Additionally, modern Lidar sensors providing multiple strikes at one time in the air (MTA) allow higher flying altitudes with high scan frequencies and, consequently denser scan patterns.


Dimap’s Lidar Suite:

Lidar sensorRiegl Q560Riegl Q780Riegl VQ820
Lidar frequency1550nm1064nm532nm
Laser Class13B3B
Scan Frequency240 kHz400 kHz400 kHz
Type of LidarFull waveformDiscrete
Scan patternRegular cross trackHalf Circle
Number MTA Zone1155
Maximum Flying altitude1700m4000m600m
Main applicationTopographic mapping, forestry surveys, powerline and infrastructure monitoring, geotechnical surveysBathymetric and aquatic transition zones, snow and ice surfaces
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